Xylella Fastidiosa Active Containment Through a multidisciplinary-Oriented Research Strategy

Equilibrium and sensitivity analysis of a spatio-temporal host-vector epidemic model

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Authors:
Martin, Olivier; Fernandez-Diclo, Yasmil; Coville, Jerome; Soubeyrand, Samuel;

Publication:
February 19, 2020

Abstract:
Equilibrium and sensitivity analysis of a spatio-temporal host-vector epidemic modelInsect-borne diseases are diseases carried by insects affecting humans, animals or plants. They have the potential to generate massive outbreaks such as the Zika epidemic in 2015-2016 mostly distributed in the Americas, the Pacific and Southeast Asia, and the multi-foci outbreak caused by the bacterium {\it Xylella fastidiosa} in Europe in the 2010s. In this article, we propose and analyze the behavior of a spatially-explicit compartmental model adapted to pathosystems with fixed hosts and mobile vectors disseminating the disease. The behavior of this model based on a system of partial differential equations is complementarily characterized via a theoretical study of its equilibrium states and a numerical study of its transitive phase using global sensitivity analysis. The results are discussed in terms of implications concerning the surveillance and control of the disease over a medium-to-long temporal horizon.

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19/02/2020