Gianluca Bleve, Antonia Gallo, Claudio Altomare, Maurizio Vurro, Gabriele Maiorano, Angela Cardinali, Isabella D’Antuono, Guido Marchi, Giovanni Mita
27 December 2017
Olive quick decline syndrome (OQDS) is causing severe damages to the olive trees in Salento (Apulia, Italy) and poses a severe threat for the agriculture of Mediterranean countries. DNA-Based Typing Methods have pointed out that OQDS is caused by a single outbreak strain of Xylella fastidiosa subsp. pauca referred to as CoDiRO or ST53. Since no effective control measures are currently available, the objective of this study was to evaluate in vitro antimicrobial activities of different classes of compounds against Salento-1 isolated by a OQDS affected plant and classified as ST53.
A bioassay based on agar disc diffusion method, revealed that 17 out of the 32 tested antibiotics did not affect bacterial growth at a dose of 5 μg disk−1. When we assayed micro-, ultra- and nano-filtered fractions of olive mill wastewaters (OMWs) we found that the micro-filtered fraction resulted the most effective against the bacterium. Moreover, some phenolics (4-methylcathecol, cathecol, veratric acid, caffeic acid, oleuropein) were active in their pure form. Noteworthy, also some fungal extracts and fungal toxins showed inhibitory effects on bacterial growth. Some of these compounds can be further explored as potential candidate in future applications for curative/preventive treating OQDS-affected or at-risk olive plants.